Gandhi Jayanti Essay on Mahatma Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement - 7 (1100 words) - Tech NEWS In India

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Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Gandhi Jayanti Essay on Mahatma Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement - 7 (1100 words)

Gandhi Jayanti Essay

Gandhi Jayanti Essay on Mahatma Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement

Introduction

Civil disobedience means disobedience of civil laws that they do not believe in. Under civil disobedience, a movement is done by protesters for their demands. Mahatma Gandhi also peacefully protested against the British rule in a civil disobedience. They made many agitations of civil disobedience against many stringent laws and laws of the English government. It was Gandhiji's disobedience movement that made the British rule realize the combined power of the Indian public and paved the way for the country's independence.

Mahatma Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement

Gandhiji used the civil disobedience movement to uproot the British rule from India. He believed that the British were successful in governing India because they got the support of Indians. In accordance with Gandhiji, the British needed the cooperation of Indians in many economic and business functions besides running the administration. Therefore, Gandhiji appealed to Indian nationals to boycott full English products.

The main cause of the collective civil disobedience movement

Due to the brutal policies of the British Government like the Simon Commission and the Rowlett Act, the dream of Mahatma Gandhi's full Swaraj was a deep shock. At the same time, the British government was not in favor of giving Dominion Status to India. Gandhiji had already warned the British government about the opposition of all these things, that if India did not get complete independence, then the British rule would face mass civil disobedience. All these political and social reasons gave birth to the Civil Disobedience Movement.

The rise of the civil disobedience movement led by Mahatma Gandhi

The Civil Disobedience Movement started in 1919 with the non-cooperation movement against Zaliyar Bang Kand. It got great popularity after the Salt Satyagraha. We can also call it Salt Satyagraha or Dandi travel started by Mahatma Gandhi. This journey of Salt Satyagraha lasted for 26 days, which started on March 12, 1930, and ended on April 6, 1930, in a coastal village of Dandi.

This journey of Salt Satyagraha started with some people but as it progressed, the number of followers also increased. The main purpose of this visit was to oppose the English tax system and to oppose the law of heavy tax on localization and its taxation. This movement was very successful and at the same time, it took the form of a major disobedience movement and the people started making huge amounts of salt to challenge the law made by the English government. However, quite a number of people were arrested due to this movement, but this English rule was unable to stop this movement.

Due to this movement, the people started opposing English goods and began to give importance to the use of indigenous products. Along with this, people across the country started burning English clothes and farmers refused to pay the British government tax. All these actions left the British rule shameless.

With this, the people started resigning from the important positions of the English administration to uphold the voice of their protest against Gandhiji's orders. With which teachers, soldiers and people working on important administrative posts were residing in the country to support this movement, resigned from their posts. In addition, in the 1930s Civil Disobedience Movement, Apollo took part in the movement, women of all sections of the society took part in this Satyagraha movement and started selling them in large quantities to give their support. This is the first time that women have taken part in any such movement in such a large number. We can say that as well as moving the foundations of British rule, this movement also worked to bring together every section of the society.

Influence of Civil Disobedience Movement

The Civil Disobedience Movement shook the British rule and gave it a big blow at the economic and administrative level. Under this, due to the indigenous movement, many product units were also opened for the production of products in India.

The boycott of English products influenced the products imported from Britain at a considerable level, which reduced the import of English textiles and cigarettes by half. At the same time, the people refused to pay taxes to the government and started work on the production of salt, so that the British government was badly damaged financially. Due to this movement, the British government also came to understand how to deal with this nonviolent and disobedience movement because it was such a movement that there was no justification for use of force.

This movement forced the British officers to think, they themselves admitted that it was easier for them to fight violent protests rather than non-violent protests. This nonviolent civil disobedience movement attracted the attention of the people even at the international level to the issue of Indian independence struggle and introduced them to these brutal policies of the British rule against the Indians. The movement, which started on August 8, 1942, became the last of the key in the casket of the British rule. Thereby, the British finally had to agree to give independence to India after World War II.

Conclusion

Civil Disobedience Movement has great importance in India's freedom struggle. It provided a purpose to fight the whole country together. It started with the issue of salt, but on seeing it, it took the form of a national movement against the British rule. The Civil Disobedience Movement was a non-violent movement in which there was no spraying of blood, yet it played an important role in the Indian independence struggle.

He was Mahatma Gandhi, for whom the Indian independence struggle got an international stage and the iron of his determination and willpower was accepted by the whole world. He showed the world the power of violence and explained to the people that not every battle can be won by violence, but a single battle of blood can be won even after walking on the path of Bahayi Anthias.

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